We can't repair Barbie due to the nature of the different manufacturing methods used to attach the head to body.
Mattel, Inc.is the world's largest toy company, based on revenue. The products and brands it produces include Fisher Price, Barbie dolls, Monster High dolls, Hot Wheels and Matchbox toys, Masters of the Universe, American Girl dolls, board games, WWE Toys and, in the early 1980s, video game systems.
Vintage BarbieThe company's name is derived from Harold "Matt" Matson and Elliot Handler, who founded the company in 1945. Handler's wife, Ruth Handler, later became president, and she is credited with establishing the Barbie product line for the company in 1959. After the release of the Barbie doll, Mattel revolutionized the toy industry with its talking dolls and toys. Major successes in the 1960s with the talking Chatty Cathy doll in 1960 and See 'N Say toys in 1965 moved Mattel to its position as the number one toymaker in America. Mattel closed its last factory in the United States of America, originally part of theFisher-Price division, in 2002, outsourcing production to China, the beginning of a chain of events that led to a scandal involving lead contamination.
We repair many of the Ashton-Drake dolls by replacing broken limbs and or repairing cracked porcelain.
The Ashton-Drake Galleries has become an influential force in the design, manufacture and marketing of high quality dolls. They are recognized internationally for creating baby and child dolls, bride dolls, celebrity dolls and Teddy Bears of distinctive artistry and design that enrich the lives of collectors. Behind this division’s success is nothing less than a re-invention of the doll industry, creating incredible lifelike dolls that connect emotionally with our customer, and selling them at very affordable prices. The evidence of their success can be seen in the numerous awards that Ashton-Drake Galleries dolls have won, with nine DOTY (Doll of the Year) awards sponsored by Doll Reader Magazine, eight Golden Teddy or TOBY (Teddy Bear of the Year) awards and many, many more.
The Ashton-Drake Galleries’ offerings include creations from some of the most highly sought-after doll artists in the industry, strictly limited-edition dolls, and dolls in some very special niches—like our fantasy dolls, cultural dolls, and even baby orangutans. The Galleries’ leadership presence in the market has also helped them attract some of the most important licensed properties in the business, and Disney, Elvis, Hannah Montana, Lucille Ball, Major League Baseball and NASCAR dolls—to name just a few—have improved their strong market position.Ashton Drake Angel
Today, The Ashton-Drake Galleries continue to explore new ways to reach passionate doll collectors and captivate new collectors. While still creating exquisite porcelain dolls in the tradition of the finest European doll makers, The Ashton-Drake Galleries has also crafted a patented line of amazingly lifelike So Truly Real® dolls, Hold That Pose!™ dolls with infinite range of motion, and a touch-activated doll that will clutch your finger. The Galleries will continue to count on its extensive international resources—the most highly acclaimed doll artists and designers, the most sought after licensors, and the finest artisans and manufacturers—to stay a dominant player in the field and number one in the heart of its customers.
MAX HANDWERCK DOLLS 1899-1930
Heinrich Vortmann and Max Handwerck began their doll making business in 1899, located in Waltershausen, Thuringia, Germany. Heinrick Handwerck 79
Mr. Vortmann left the business in 1902, sometime after Max passed away, thus his widow Anna was left the sole owner of the company. Max designed the bisque doll heads, however many of them were actually produced by William Goebel, thus they may bear the Goebel trademark of a triangle inside a half moon.
They are probably best known for their Bébé Elité doll, a character baby doll with a bisque head and composition ball jointed body. Another registered doll trade name in 1913 is Madame Butterfly.
Max Handwerck also made Dolly faced dolls with composition ball jointed bodies.
SIMON & HALBIG
Simon & Halbig was founded in 1839, they began making dolls from 1869 to 1920 in their two porcelain factories in Frafenhain and Hidburghausen, near Thuringia, Germany. In 1920 S & H was bought by Kämmer & Reinhardt, who continued to produce dolls until 1932. Simon & Halbig is known for the fine bisque doll heads and innovation in the doll industry, they also supplied doll heads to many other well known doll manufacturers. Simon & Halbig Little Women Doll
The American firm that used a S & H doll head is; Arranbee, George Borgfeldt, the German firms that used a S & H doll head are; C.M. Bergmann, Carl Bergner, Cuno & Otto Dressel, Hamburger & Company, Heinrich Handwerck, Adolf Hülß also spelled Adolf Hülss, Kammer & Reinhardt (K & R did not have a porcelain factory, so all their heads were purchased from S & H), Louis Linder & Sohn, Franz Schmidt, Schoenau & Hoffmeister, Carl Trautmann, Welsch & Company, Wiesenthal, Schindel & Kallenberg (doll mark WSK), Adolf Wislizenus and the French firms of; Fleischmann & Bloedel, Jumeau, Roullet & Decamps and SFBJ.
JUMEAU FRENCH DOLLS
Jumeau was a French company, founded in the early 1840s, which designed and manufactured high quality bisque dolls. It was founded by Louis-Desire Belton and Pierre-François Jumeau in the Maison Jumeau of Montreuil-sous-Bois, near Paris, France. While Belton did not remain with the company for long, under Jumeau's leadership (and later, under the leadership of his son, Emile), the company soon gained a reputation for dolls with beautiful faces and "exquisite" clothing which replicated the popular fashions of the time. The dolls are still popular with collectors today, and have sold for over £2,000 at auction.
The Jumeau company first emerged as a partnership between Louis-Desire Belton and Pierre-François Jumeau in Paris in the early 1840s. In 1844, Belton and Jumeau presented their dolls at the Paris Exposition (at which they received an honorable mention), but by 1846 Belton's name was no longer associated with the dolls, and Jumeau was trading in his own right. A bronze medal in the 1849 Paris Exposition followed, as did an appearance at the Great Exhibition in London in 1851, at which the company was awarded a First Place Medal. Through much of this period, the firm sold only their own dolls to wholesalers, although during the 1850s and 1860s, the company moved into selling wax dolls imported from Britain
At the Paris expositions and the Great Exhibition in London, Jumeau dolls received their commendations due largely to the quality of the clothing, and no special significance was attached to the dolls themselves. This changed in 1867, when at the Exposition Universelle of that year, the company was awarded a Silver Medal, and "special mention was made of the doll's heads.”1867 was also the year that Pierre-François' son, Emile Jumeau, joined the company. By 1873, when they were awarded a gold medal at the Vienna Exposition, the company was producing their own bisque dolls in their factory in Montreuil.
Although the Jumeau firm had won commendations, very few Jumeau dolls can be securely identified dating before the 1870s. However, by 1877 Emile Jumea had produced the first Bébés (or dolls in the image of a little girl). With realistic glass eyes and "stylish fashions" produced by costumiers, thousands of Bébé dolls were produced for an international market.
In 1878, the Jumeau company won a Gold Medal at the Exposition Universelle (1878). The award was proudly advertised on the bodies, boxes, shoes and even the dress labels of the dolls. Jumeau won a number of other high awards including the prizes for the best dollmaker at both the Sydney International Exhibition (1879) and Melbourne International Exhibition (1880) in Australia. The dolls were internationally sought after as luxury items and status symbols. The firm also was regarded as an industrial success, with production figures of over three million dolls annually by the mid-1890s.
The "Golden Age" of the Jumeau factory lasted for two decades, from the late 1870s to the late 1890s, when the competition from German dolls sent the firm into financial difficulties. The Jumeau dolls from the later 1890s are of more variable quality. German dolls in the 1890s were cheaper than the French, but still well-made and much loved by little girls, even if they were by no means as elegant or graceful in face or costume as the best Jumeau dolls. The Jumeau company became part of the French conglomerate the Société Française de Fabrication de Bébés et Jouets. The S.F.B.J. still continued to use the Bébé Jumeau trademark throughout the 20th century, even producing dolls in the manner of Jumeau.
ARMAND MARSEILLE DOLLS - 1885-1950S GERMAN
Armand Marseille of Sonneberg and Koppelsdorf, Thuringia, Germany was one of the worlds largest Armand Marseille Dolland best known bisque doll head manufacturers. The founder was born in 1856 in St. Petersburg, Russia the son of an architect and immigrated to Germany with his family after 1860. In 1884, he bought the toy factory of Mathias Lambert in Sonneberg and in 1885 acquired the porcelain factory of Liebermann & Wegescher in Koppelsdorf and his empire in the doll world began.
From 1900-1930 it's reported Marseille produced 1,000 bisque doll heads a day, they made bisque head baby, children, lady and character dolls, on cloth, kid or composition bodies, most with glass eyes, some with painted eyes, with the most commonly found doll molds of 370 (shoulder head on a cloth or kid body) and 390 (socket head on a composition body). Marseille interestingly did not produce the body of their dolls, but purchased those from other doll manufactures.
In 1919 Ernst Heubach and Marseilles merged and formed the United Porcelain Factory of Koppelsdorf (Vereinigte Koppelsdorf Porzellanfabrik vorm Armand Marseille and Ernst Heubach). By 1932 the two companies went their separate ways.
HORSMAN DOLL COMPANY
Horsman DollEdward Imeson Horsman (E.I. Horsman) opened a toy company in New York city, NY USA (1865-present) and became a leader in the toy industry. In the early years Horsman imported dolls from outside the USA, starting in 1904 they distributed "Babyland Rag Dolls" made of all cloth created by Albert Bruckner. About 1909 they used a new formula to make "Can't break Em" dolls like the Billiken, a variety of mama and baby composition dolls wearing wigs, molded or painted hair, sleep or painted eyes. Between 1919-1925 Horsman and Aetna Doll & Toy company merged. In 1930 Horsman acquired the Amberg doll company, their competitor and continued to produce some of Amberg's dolls notably the Vanta Baby. In October 1933 Horsman was purchased and became a su bsidiary of the Regal Doll company, in 1986 the Horsman name was sold to the Asian company Gata - Gatabox LTD. of Hong Hong, which produced dolls under the Horsman LTD. name.
C. M. BERGMANN DOLLS 1888-1931 GERMAN
Charles M. Bergmann operated a doll company in Waltershausen, Thuringia, Germany. 1909 he added a factory in Friedrichroda, Germany, until they went bankrupt in 1931.
Bergmann dolls came in sizes from 13" to 34" tall, with composition ball jointed bodies and bisque heads supplied from other manufacturers; Armand Marseilles, Alt, Beck & Gottschalck, William Gobel, Simon & Halbig and perhaps others.
Bergmann also made papier mache dolls, kid leather bodied dolls, character baby dolls. Their dolls were distributed in the United States by Louis Wolf & Company, who registered these trade marks for them;
1913-1915 Baby Belle doll, 1892-1917 Cinderella Baby doll,
1904-1915 Columbia doll, Eleonore doll, Spezial doll,
and 1926 My Gold Star doll.
The J.D. Kestner doll company made dolls in Germany, in the Waltershausen, Thuringia region, for over 90 years. The earliest dolls were wood and papier mache, and then china, but the dolls that the company is best known for are the bisque dolls from the late 1800s into the early 1900s. The company produced dolls of many molds and types--the bisque dolls from the company included child dolls, character dolls, all-bisque dolls, lady dolls, baby dolls, and many others.
The Kestner doll company started producing dolls in the 1820s (some say as early as 1810) and produced dolls until approximatedly 1938.
Very little is known about the early history of Kestner Dolls--the company didn't start to mark dolls until well into the production of bisque dolls. It is known that Johann Daniel Kestner Jr. began producing papier mache and wood dolls at least as early as the early 1920s. The company's production changed with the times, and the doll factory produced china dolls, then bisque dolls, as tastes dictated. Johann died in 1858, and his grandson Adolf took over operations in 1863. Adolf died in 1918,and yet the company continued for another 20 years after. The Kestner factory was one of the biggest employers in the region.
The original dolls were papier mache and wood. Then china dolls (glazed porcelain) were made, and finally the dolls that Kestner are best known for--bisque dolls. The Kestner doll factory was very large, and Kestner made doll heads for many other companies as well. Kestner not only made doll heads, but they also made doll bodies of many types, which was unusual since many companies only made heads, or only made bodies in the 1800s.
Basic Types of Kestner Dolls:
It is very hard to pinpoint a "basic type" of Kestner doll since the company made so many. Collectors today are probably most familiar with the dolly-faced bisque dolls on composition bodies of the late 1800s to early 1900s (such as the 171 mold), baby dolls with composition bodies such as Hilda and the JDK babies, and shoulder-head dolls on kid bodies (turned-shoulderhead dolls and mold 154, etc). Kestner all-bisque dolls are also known for their quality and modeling.
Marks on Kestner Dolls:
Early Kestner bisque dolls are just marked with a number or a size. Later dolls are usually well marked with the mold mark and Made in Germany; some of the baby dolls are marked JDK. There are many variations on Kestner marks.
Madame Alexander is a brand of American collectible dolls introduced in 1923.
Madame Alexander is also the business name of Beatrice Alexander, who was born Bertha Alexander, later changed her name to Beatrice, married Philip Behrman and then started her doll business. She was an American entrepreneur who created the first "collectible" dolls based on a licensed character – Scarlett O'Hara from the book and movie Gone with the Wind. She was also one of the early creators of mass-produced dolls in honor of living people, with dolls of the famous Dionne quintuplets in 1936 and a set of 36 Queen Elizabeth II dolls to commemorate the 1953 coronation celebrations in Britain. In 2002 two Judy Garland portrait dolls were introduced.
Other popular dolls have been 'Pussycat' a large baby doll dressed in fine coat and dress and a Mary, Queen of Scots Portrait Doll as well as Heidi, the characters from Little Women, and a series international dolls in native costumes. She has created many topical doll series. "The First Ladies of the United States" depicting each in her inaugural gown as well as "The Opera Series", "Fairy Tale Series" and many more.
Her 8" Wendy doll, introduced in 1953 which is still being made today, is considered collectible.
A December 2005 article in Forbes magazine analyzed the most popular American toys by decade, with help from the Toy Industry Association. The Madame Alexander collectible dolls led the list for the 1920–1929 decade, beating out even the yo-yo.
Alexandra Fairchild Ford is a line of 16" collectible fashion doll for adult collectors.
As of 2009, Madame Alexander began creating dolls for Dollie & Me, which specializes in matching clothing for girls and dolls. In June of 2012, the Madame Alexander Doll Company was sold to Kahn Lucas, owners of Dollie & Me.
The Madame Alexander Doll Club is separate from The Alexander Doll Company, but the company supports club efforts by creating new limited edition dolls for club events. The club holds events and conventions all over the US. The club also publishes a quarterly magazine for members called The Review.
AMERICAN CHARACTER DOLLS
American Character Doll Company 1919-1968
Used the trade names Aceedeecee and ACDC, they made dolls of composition and later hard plastic and vinyl. Also later (1961) the name American Doll & Toy Company was sometimes used.
In 1923 "Petite" was the trademark and name used on their early mama and character dolls. Best known for the 1928 composition dolls; Campbell Kids, Puggy and Sally dolls, later noted dolls were the Tiny Tears and Betsy McCall dolls.
American Character dolls were well made and had good quality costumes. American Character went out of business in 1968, doll molds were sold to Ideal; Tiny Tears, Tressy and the grow hair feature was used in Ideal's Crissy & family dolls.
ANTIQUE DOLL MARKS 101: WHAT DO THEY MEAN? EBAY has a lot of resources for identifying dolls and other collectibles. Here is an excerpt from their site. The link to the full article and other resources is below: Manufacturer's ID marks on an antique doll can appear on the back of the head (often hidden by the wig), on the shoulder plate, on the chest or back, or even on the soles of the feet (as in Lenci dolls). In 1891, a U.S. trade law required all imports to be marked to indicate country of origin. These marks can be incised into the material, raised, stamped, or attached in the form of a label, sticker, or decal. Often the marks on the head and bodies do not match because few manufacturers made both the head and the body, finding it more efficient to order one or the other from another maker. The law was subject to wide interpretation, however. Sometimes packing materials, rather than the dolls themselves, were marked; or the ID might be in the form of a paper label or tag affixed to the doll. A large percentage of dolls made prior to the 1890's were not marked at all. In 1891, a U.S. trade law required all imports to be marked to indicate country of origin. By then the great majority of dolls manufactured in Europe, Britain, and Asia were destined for American, making identification of post - 1891 dolls easier for today's collectors. They are marked! One of the challenges of doll ID is that few generalities can be made about the appearance of marks, the way in which they are applied, or their location. Marks come in all shapes and types: Initials, numbers, names, phrases, figures, symbols, or combinations of them all. Many firms, i.e., Simon & Halbig, Armand Marseille (A.M.) and Hertel, Schwab concentrated on supplying heads for other companies; in these cases, you'll often find a combination of the porcelain factory's mark and that of the company for which the head was made, incised on the same doll. It is important to recognize the difference between a mold number and a size or patent number. A patent number is generally easy to spot. Most frequently, the multi-digit number is preceded by the initials D.R.G.M (i.e. Deutsches Reichsgebrauchmuster or German design patent). The sample Armand Marseille mark below shows both a mold number and the size of the doll, in addition to the company's ID. As in this case, size numbers are usually single- or two-digit numbers, often incorporating fractions and / or letters. ARMAND MARSEILLE = company nameGermany = Place of origin390 = mold number A. 12/0 M. = company's initials on the outside (A.M.) with the size number in the middle 12/0 While a company may have introduced a specific mold number in a given year, often the mold was used for a number of years thereafter; it is therefore difficult to date a doll precisely using just its mold number. The same rule applies to trade names. While a trade name may have been registered in a particular year in one country, it might have been registered in another year in another country! One of the problems for American collectors is that the marks are made in the language of the country of manufacture. Even though most dolls intended for the American market were marked in English, some of the most prevalent words, phrases, and initials you'll fine in French are: Brevete' = patentedDepose' (or DEP) = registeredFabrication francaise = french-madeMarque depose = registered markMedaille d'or = gold medal-winnerPoupee' = dollSGDG = without government warranty Some German words you're likely to find are: Deponiert (or DEP) = registeredDRGM = registered designFabrik-marke = trademarkGes. Gesch. = patent rights registeredHolzmasse = wooden compositionSchultz marke = trademark Many French company names end in Cie. (abbr. for Compagne, French for company)A German firm is often a Puppenfabrik (doll factory) or Porzellanfabrik (porcelain factory) In my opinion, one of the greatest jokes played on the beginner collector is to tell them that a doll marked DEP denotes a doll made for the French trade! As you can see by the marks above, DEP, both in France and GERMANY simply denotes that the mold is REGISTERED !! Yes, sometimes, dolls that are simply marked DEP have elaborate, heavy eyebrows and wonderful bisque. In those case, perhaps that is true...but there is no way that the statement can UNILATERALLY be made that ALL dolls marked DEP are dolls made for the French trade This is a portion of an article from Ebay - Click here to read full article.Collectible Dolls Buying Guide - Click here to read.
Simon & Halbig
Repair Composition Dolls
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